Институты и распределение талантов

Натхов Т.В. Полищук Л.И.

29.09.15, Вторник, 11:30, ЦЭМИ РАН, 520

Базовый семинар: Математическая экономика

Institutions affect investment decisions, including investment in human capital, and hence they are relevant for the allocation of talent. Strong market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas weak ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We also show that the allocation of talent affects public returns to human capital.

 

Следующий семинар: 06.10.2015 - Бюджетные правила, эффективность правительства и экономический рост (докладчик: Скрыпник Д.В.).

Предыдущий семинар: 12.05.2015 - Модель замкнутого однотоварного рынка (докладчик: Вороновицкий М.М.).